KLÄDERNA VI RESTE I

Hittills i år har 125 000 människor korsat Medelhavet för att ta sig till Europa. 7 procent av dem flyr slakten i Syrien, men den överväldigande majoriteten är afrikaner i jakt på ett bättre liv i Europa. Många av dem hamnar i Libyen, där de enligt hjälporganisationer utsätts för slavarbete och systematisk tortyr. 

För de som lyckas ta sig ombord på båtarna väntar en livsfarlig färd (2 400 människor har redan dött i år) och tusentals plockas upp ur havet av hjälporganisationer och myndigheter som patrullerar Libyens kust.

Italienska myndigheter har genom att samarbeta med den svaga regimen i Libyen lyckats halvera migrationen. Några av dem som nu får betalt för att stoppa flyktingarna är libyska miliser som tidigare tjänade grova pengar på människosmuggling. 

Frilansfotografen Narciso Contreras har träffat åtta män som räddats av organisationen SOS Méditerranée utanför Libyens kust. För att börja ett nytt liv måste man bryta med det gamla. De här männen har lämnat allt bakom sig, utom en sak: kläderna de reste i.

foto : narciso contreras : asamoa shia, ghana. 25 yo. aquarius sos med. july 24, 2017.  asamoa shia made the trip towards europe on july 24, 2017. he was rescued with his wife and other 120 migrants off the libyan coast. while working in libya, he was arrested at home during a night raid carried out by an armed militia in tripoli. accordingly, with his testimony he spent over two months in a prison camp from where he managed to escape with other 15 migrants. he was smuggled in a dinghy boat from sabratah in the west coast of libya.   ??so, i only had these clothes. the few clothes i had made me feel a little bit sharp, just in case i fall in the wrong hands. this is why i choose them. libya is a land of traps. maybe you believe that you are moving here looking for your own safety, but you never realize this is going to be a trap. because the ongoing fighting, because there is no government, and because there is nobody paying the salaries in libya. thus, everybody is using the black people, the bangladeshis and the foreigners to do 	foto : narciso contreras : asamoa shia, ghana. 25 yo. aquarius sos med. july 24, 2017.  asamoa shia made the trip towards europe on july 24, 2017. he was rescued with his wife and other 120 migrants off the libyan coast. while working in libya, he was arrested at home during a night raid carried out by an armed militia in tripoli. accordingly, with his testimony he spent over two months in a prison camp from where he managed to escape with other 15 migrants. he was smuggled in a dinghy boat from sabratah in the west coast of libya.   ??so, i only had these clothes. the few clothes i had made me feel a little bit sharp, just in case i fall in the wrong hands. this is why i choose them. libya is a land of traps. maybe you believe that you are moving here looking for your own safety, but you never realize this is going to be a trap. because the ongoing fighting, because there is no government, and because there is nobody paying the salaries in libya. thus, everybody is using the black people, the bangladeshis and the foreigners to do

ASAMOA SHIA. Ghana, 25 år.

”Jag hade bara de här kläderna. De fick mig att känna mig lite snabb, ifall jag skulle stöta på fel sorts människor. Libyen är ett land fullt av fällor, striderna, det finns ingen regering, ingen betalar ut löner. På grund av detta utnyttjar alla där svarta afrikaner och folk från Bangladesh. De vill tjäna pengar på oss. De kidnappar oss och kräver våra familjer på pengar”.

foto : narciso contreras : baba lemam. ghana. 18 yo. aquarius sos med. july 25, 2017.  baba leman made a journey to libya along with his brother, both fleeing poverty in ghana after their father passed away. while working in libya baba?s brother was killed during a gun fighting. although he survived, baba was trafficked to europe.  ??i lost my brother due a fighting in qerqarish, district of tripoli. he got killed. since then i thought to go to europe. i moved to al khums, even though it is also dangerous. because the dangers, everyone is scared and wants to go to europe. my friend persuaded me to leave to italy, but his boss forced me to board a boat going to europe... my friend?s boss, a libyan man, also tried to force my friend to board the boat, but he refused and remained in libya?? foto : narciso contreras : baba lemam. ghana. 18 yo. aquarius sos med. july 25, 2017.  baba leman made a journey to libya along with his brother, both fleeing poverty in ghana after their father passed away. while working in libya baba?s brother was killed during a gun fighting. although he survived, baba was trafficked to europe.  ??i lost my brother due a fighting in qerqarish, district of tripoli. he got killed. since then i thought to go to europe. i moved to al khums, even though it is also dangerous. because the dangers, everyone is scared and wants to go to europe. my friend persuaded me to leave to italy, but his boss forced me to board a boat going to europe... my friend?s boss, a libyan man, also tried to force my friend to board the boat, but he refused and remained in libya??

BABA LEMAM. Ghana, 18 år.

”Jag förlorade min bror under strider i Tripoli. Han dog. Efter det försökte jag ta mig till Europa. Alla vill dit för att det är så farligt i Libyen”.

foto : narciso contreras : kuabi aexi. ghana. 22 yo. aquarius sos med. july 23, 2017.  kuabi aexi braved the mediterranean aboard a dinghy boat along with dozens of migrants. he was rescued off the libyan shore with hundreds of migrants at the main search and rescue zone, west of tripoli on july 23, by international ngo?s operating in the area. kuabi was smuggled to the international waters by paying 2000 libyan dinars to the local mafia in sabratah.  ??my senior brother gave me money to go to libya. but libya is not a good country at all. there is no payment for you. once you finish your work you are not paid. so, my friend told me he was going to italy and ask me to follow him? i spent two years working in libya as a cleaner, but you are never paid?? foto : narciso contreras : kuabi aexi. ghana. 22 yo. aquarius sos med. july 23, 2017.  kuabi aexi braved the mediterranean aboard a dinghy boat along with dozens of migrants. he was rescued off the libyan shore with hundreds of migrants at the main search and rescue zone, west of tripoli on july 23, by international ngo?s operating in the area. kuabi was smuggled to the international waters by paying 2000 libyan dinars to the local mafia in sabratah.  ??my senior brother gave me money to go to libya. but libya is not a good country at all. there is no payment for you. once you finish your work you are not paid. so, my friend told me he was going to italy and ask me to follow him? i spent two years working in libya as a cleaner, but you are never paid??

KUABI AEXI. Ghana, 22 år.

Betalade 12 000 kronor till den libyska maffian för att smugglas till Italien.

”Min äldre bror gav mig pengar för att åka till Libyen. Men Libyen är inte ett bra land. Ingen får betalt. Min kompis skulle åka till Italien och bad mig följa med. Jag jobbade i två år i Libyen som städare men fick aldrig några pengar”.

foto : narciso contreras : mamadou aleou. guinea conakry. 21 yo. aquarius sos med. july 24, 2017.  mamadou aleou braved the mediterranean on july 23. he was recued off the shore of libya by sos mediterranee, an international ngo operating in the area. mamadou was smuggled to the international waters after a libyan man, a former friend of his father, interceded in his behalf and dealt with local smugglers in sabratah.  ??i used live with my family in a house next to a camp named walid, in sabratah. the camp was made for black people? four months ago, we were all together having a dinner at home when gunmen started shooting outside the house. i don?t know whether they shot in purpose towards us or if it was a random shooting, but my mother got shot. they killed my mother? my two brothers had returned to guinea conakry three months ago, just after my mother was killed. nobody could help us anymore in libya. that?s is why my brothers returned home. i hope i can get some help in europe. i have to do something to help them back a	foto : narciso contreras : mamadou aleou. guinea conakry. 21 yo. aquarius sos med. july 24, 2017.  mamadou aleou braved the mediterranean on july 23. he was recued off the shore of libya by sos mediterranee, an international ngo operating in the area. mamadou was smuggled to the international waters after a libyan man, a former friend of his father, interceded in his behalf and dealt with local smugglers in sabratah.  ??i used live with my family in a house next to a camp named walid, in sabratah. the camp was made for black people? four months ago, we were all together having a dinner at home when gunmen started shooting outside the house. i don?t know whether they shot in purpose towards us or if it was a random shooting, but my mother got shot. they killed my mother? my two brothers had returned to guinea conakry three months ago, just after my mother was killed. nobody could help us anymore in libya. that?s is why my brothers returned home. i hope i can get some help in europe. i have to do something to help them back a

MAMADOU ALEOU. Guinea, 21 år.

”Jag bodde i ett läger för svarta människor i Sabratah. För fyra månader sedan började folk skjuta utanför vårt hus när vi åt middag. Min mamma dödades. Jag hoppas jag kan få hjälp någonstans i Europa. Jag måste göra något för att hjälpa min familj i Guinea.”

foto : narciso contreras : michael moss kaltun. sierra leone. 18 yo. aquarius sos med. july 24, 2017.  michael moss fled poverty in sierra leone in 2016. he was arrested, imprisoned and got shot as he tried to escape while was being deported to sabha, in the south of libya. many of his gambian friends were killed, although he was shot he survived. after recovered from his wounds michael moss went to sabratah and dealt with traffickers. he was taken onto a dinghy boat towards europe for 250 dollars, once he reached the international waters he was rescued along with other hundreds of migrants.   ??i crossed the desert from niger into libya. it?s a very difficult journey. there is a lot of people coming to the niger desert just to die. the desert is very dangerous because the heat. we did the trip by hilux trucks. the trucks speed up without stop. they stop just when there are dead people. people doing the trip in the desert need water. what is available on the trucks is not enough for all of people. thus, there are too many people 	foto : narciso contreras : michael moss kaltun. sierra leone. 18 yo. aquarius sos med. july 24, 2017.  michael moss fled poverty in sierra leone in 2016. he was arrested, imprisoned and got shot as he tried to escape while was being deported to sabha, in the south of libya. many of his gambian friends were killed, although he was shot he survived. after recovered from his wounds michael moss went to sabratah and dealt with traffickers. he was taken onto a dinghy boat towards europe for 250 dollars, once he reached the international waters he was rescued along with other hundreds of migrants.   ??i crossed the desert from niger into libya. it?s a very difficult journey. there is a lot of people coming to the niger desert just to die. the desert is very dangerous because the heat. we did the trip by hilux trucks. the trucks speed up without stop. they stop just when there are dead people. people doing the trip in the desert need water. what is available on the trucks is not enough for all of people. thus, there are too many people

MICHAEL MOSS KALTUN. Sierra Leone, 18 år.

Sköts när han försökte fly från att gripas i Libyen.

”Jag korsade öknen från Niger till Libyen. Det var en väldigt svår resa. Många kommer till Niger för att dö. Öknen är mycket farlig på grund av hettan. Vi åkte i bilar som enbart stannade när någon dog. När någon dog tvingade smugglarna oss att gå ut och gräva en grav mitt i öknen. Sedan fortsatte vi. Jag såg sex personer dö i vår bil.”

foto : narciso contreras : mohammed abdullah kemara. guinea conakry. 19 yo. aquarius sos med. july 24, 2017.  mohammed abdullah was rescued with other dozens of migrants off the shore of libya on july 24, 2017. he was sold by traffickers in sabratah and sent towards europe in a dinghy boat. he fled poverty in guinea conakry when he was 17 yo. holding the wish for a better life in italy, he found himself imprisoned in a camp in libya run by traffickers for four and a half months.   ??they put us in a camp and hidden us during the 4 and a half months. they threaten us of shooting if we tried to escape. one day they brought a big truck and loaded the truck with 150 people. they treated us like merchandise. they get us onto the truck and covered with a canvas. i couldn?t see anything, but they took us to the beach to board a boat?? foto : narciso contreras : mohammed abdullah kemara. guinea conakry. 19 yo. aquarius sos med. july 24, 2017.  mohammed abdullah was rescued with other dozens of migrants off the shore of libya on july 24, 2017. he was sold by traffickers in sabratah and sent towards europe in a dinghy boat. he fled poverty in guinea conakry when he was 17 yo. holding the wish for a better life in italy, he found himself imprisoned in a camp in libya run by traffickers for four and a half months.   ??they put us in a camp and hidden us during the 4 and a half months. they threaten us of shooting if we tried to escape. one day they brought a big truck and loaded the truck with 150 people. they treated us like merchandise. they get us onto the truck and covered with a canvas. i couldn?t see anything, but they took us to the beach to board a boat??

MOHAMMED ABDULLAH KEMARA. Guinea, 19 år.

”De satte oss i ett läger och gömde oss där i 4,5 månader. De hotade med att skjuta oss om vi försökte fly. En dag kom en buss som de  föste in 150 människor i. De behandlade oss som varor. De tog oss till en strand där vi fick gå på en båt”.

foto : narciso contreras : samuel lartey. ghana. 40 yo. aquarius sos med. july 23, 2017.  samuel lartey, as many other african migrants, moved to libya in 2012 looking for better working conditions. during years he collected enough money to plan his way back home, on the way back his savings were robbed by armed people. then he decided to go to italy due libya became a dangerous territory for him and there were no more chances to make money. robbed, forced to labor and beaten he contacted a trafficker to make the trip by sea towards europe. he was rescued off the libyan shore on july 23 after the dinghy boat he was travelling on got lost and everybody aboard panicked.   ??now libya does not have a government anymore. everybody chases you with a gun arguing is a military. everybody threats you with a gun, knife or any other kind of weapon. these are ?bad radical reactions?. it is a bad situation over there. the way armed libyans treat foreigners and migrants. even if someone comes and offers you a job, after agreed about the job	foto : narciso contreras : samuel lartey. ghana. 40 yo. aquarius sos med. july 23, 2017.  samuel lartey, as many other african migrants, moved to libya in 2012 looking for better working conditions. during years he collected enough money to plan his way back home, on the way back his savings were robbed by armed people. then he decided to go to italy due libya became a dangerous territory for him and there were no more chances to make money. robbed, forced to labor and beaten he contacted a trafficker to make the trip by sea towards europe. he was rescued off the libyan shore on july 23 after the dinghy boat he was travelling on got lost and everybody aboard panicked.   ??now libya does not have a government anymore. everybody chases you with a gun arguing is a military. everybody threats you with a gun, knife or any other kind of weapon. these are ?bad radical reactions?. it is a bad situation over there. the way armed libyans treat foreigners and migrants. even if someone comes and offers you a job, after agreed about the job

SAMUEL LARTEY. Ghana, 40 år.

Flyttade till Libyen och jobbade ihop pengar, men rånades på vägen tillbaka från Ghana. Försökte då ta sig till Italien, via Libyen.

”Libyen har ingen regering längre. Alla jagar en med ett vapen och säger att de tillhör militären. Ingen får betalt för sitt arbete. Om någon klagade sköt de med sina vapen i marken framför dig”.

foto : narciso contreras : sho hidol. bangladesh. 25 yo. aquarius sos med. july 24, 2017.  sho hidol was rescued aboard a dinghy boat with many other bangladeshi migrants by international ngo?s off the shore of libya on july 23. he arrived in libya pursuing to solve his financial situation back at home, instead he was forced to brave the mediterranean towards europe after years working in libya due it became instable and dangerous.   ??my father died and i had to look after everyone in my family back at home: my mother, wife and children. the income in bangladesh is not enough for having a good life. so, i decide to come to libya. i thought that by coming to libya my financial situation would be solved. after coming to libya, a year and a half the war started. since then we worked, but without getting paid. as bangladeshis, we were all together for some time in libya. i was very afraid, even on the boat. i had hidden my money on my trousers?? foto : narciso contreras : sho hidol. bangladesh. 25 yo. aquarius sos med. july 24, 2017.  sho hidol was rescued aboard a dinghy boat with many other bangladeshi migrants by international ngo?s off the shore of libya on july 23. he arrived in libya pursuing to solve his financial situation back at home, instead he was forced to brave the mediterranean towards europe after years working in libya due it became instable and dangerous.   ??my father died and i had to look after everyone in my family back at home: my mother, wife and children. the income in bangladesh is not enough for having a good life. so, i decide to come to libya. i thought that by coming to libya my financial situation would be solved. after coming to libya, a year and a half the war started. since then we worked, but without getting paid. as bangladeshis, we were all together for some time in libya. i was very afraid, even on the boat. i had hidden my money on my trousers??

SHO HIDOL. Bangladesh, 25 år.

”Min pappa dog och jag blev tvungen att försörja alla hemma. Men inkomsten i Bangladesh är inte tillräcklig. Så, jag bestämde mig för att åka till Libyen men där fick jag inget betalt.”

foto : narciso contreras : thierno mamadou. guinea conakry. 17 yo. aquarius sos med. july 24, 2017  thierno mamadou fled his home country due political tensions. during weeks he travelled from guinea crossing mali and algeria to reach libya. at the border with libya he was smuggled by foot through the desert to sabratah. he spent two months in a ?safe house? waiting for the traffickers to drive him to the sea towards europe.  accordingly, with his testimony, he witnessed beatings and forced labor during his stay in libya. he was rescued off the shore of libya on july 23 by international ngo?s operating in the area.  ??i was in a camp in sabratah with many other back africans. there were maybe up to 150 persons. it was a compound building with a courtyard. we were staying at the courtyard of the building where we used to sleep also. they used to beat up everyone. sometimes they grabbed some of us for carrying out jobs during the day taking us back to the camp at evening?? foto : narciso contreras : thierno mamadou. guinea conakry. 17 yo. aquarius sos med. july 24, 2017  thierno mamadou fled his home country due political tensions. during weeks he travelled from guinea crossing mali and algeria to reach libya. at the border with libya he was smuggled by foot through the desert to sabratah. he spent two months in a ?safe house? waiting for the traffickers to drive him to the sea towards europe.  accordingly, with his testimony, he witnessed beatings and forced labor during his stay in libya. he was rescued off the shore of libya on july 23 by international ngo?s operating in the area.  ??i was in a camp in sabratah with many other back africans. there were maybe up to 150 persons. it was a compound building with a courtyard. we were staying at the courtyard of the building where we used to sleep also. they used to beat up everyone. sometimes they grabbed some of us for carrying out jobs during the day taking us back to the camp at evening??

THIERNO MAMADOU. Guinea, 17 år.

”Jag var i ett läger i Sabratah med många andra afrikaner. Vi var väl 150 personer där. Vi bodde på gården utanför ett hus. De slog alla. De kom på dagen och hämtade oss för att utföra arbeten och lämnade oss i lägret på kvällen.”